Our aim is to guarantee that each Kashmiri lives his/her life with dignity and freedom to choose their destiny. Through active and effective lobbying, it is ensured that survival issues in Kashmir stay a top priority on the international agenda. The forum sees to it that the barbarity of Indian forces does not pass without any notice. Therefore, every incident is given equal importance and raised on all international platforms so that justice prevails.

Our aim is to guarantee that each Kashmiri lives his/her life with dignity and freedom to choose their destiny. Through active and effective lobbying, it is ensured that survival issues in Kashmir stay a top priority on the international agenda. The forum sees to it that the barbarity of Indian forces does not pass without any notice. Therefore, every incident is given equal importance and raised on all international platforms so that justice prevails.

DETENTION AND IMPRISONMENT

International laws say that anyone under detention or any sort of imprisonment is not
to be dealt inhumanly, degraded or to be tortured. No incident or
circumstance can be used for justification.

ISSUES

  • Prisoners of conscience – to target someone on the basis of their geological position, ethnic, religious or social affiliation.
  • Arbitrary arrest – to arrest or to make hostage without holding any evidence against the person.
  • Incommunicado – withheld without permission to contact family, lawyers etc.
  • Secret detention – to transfer a person to an unknown location.
  • Inadequate prison conditions – prolonged confinement and overcrowding.
  • Adequate detention conditions, including health facilities.
  • Unfair trials – trials conducted without letting Kashmiris to access to minimum legal process.

YFK CALLS FOR

  • Barring all forms of secret detentions.
  • Banning all form of torture and ill-treatment.
  • Access to doctors, UN Missions, relatives and most importantly lawyers.
  • Ensuring free and fair legal process so that Kashmiris get a chance to defend themselves
  • Appointment of independent judges.
  • Adequate detention conditions, including health facilities.
  • UN to probe if someone dies in detention.
  • Regular visits by UN regulation team to review detention places.

DETENTION AND IMPRISONMENT

International laws say that anyone under detention or any sort of imprisonment is not to be dealt inhumanly, degraded or to be tortured. No incident or circumstance can be used for justification.

ISSUES

  • Prisoners of conscience – to target someone on the basis of their geological position, ethnic, religious or social affiliation.
  • Arbitrary arrest – to arrest or to make hostage without holding any evidence against the person.
  • Incommunicado – withheld without permission to contact family, lawyers etc.
  • Secret detention – to transfer a person to an unknown location.
  • Inadequate prison conditions – prolonged confinement and overcrowding.
  • Adequate detention conditions, including health facilities.
  • Unfair trials – trials conducted without letting Kashmiris to access to minimum legal process.

YFK CALLS FOR

  • Barring all forms of secret detentions.
  • Banning all form of torture and ill-treatment.
  • Access to doctors, UN Missions, relatives and most importantly lawyers.
  • Ensuring free and fair legal process so that Kashmiris get a chance to defend themselves
  • Appointment of independent judges.
  • Adequate detention conditions, including health facilities.
  • UN to probe if someone dies in detention.
  • Regular visits by UN regulation team to review detention places.

ENFORCED DISAPPEARANCE

Enforced disappearance results when people are arrested, kidnapped or detained
against their will by officials or members of any government or organization.

ENFORCED DETENTION LEADS TO VIOLATION OF INTERNATIONAL HUMAN RIGHTS DECLARATION SUCH AS:

  • Right to security and dignity of an individual
  • Subjection to torture or other cruel, degrading or inhuman treatment and punishment
  • Right to legal representation
  • Providing appropriate conditions during detention
  • Right to a just trial and family life

YFK CALLS FOR

Violation of basic human rights cannot remain unnoticed. Relevant authorities need to hold someone accountable to ensure rule of law. Therefore, our demands are as follows:

  • No matter whosoever it is, investigation should be conducted and culprit to be prosecuted under a fair trial.
  • Legislate to ensure implementation of the International Convention as the law to be followed in Kashmir.
  • Everyone is to follow international law under all circumstances.
  • Affectees are to be provided with compensation, restitution, rehabilitation and a guarantee that it won’t be repeated

INTERNATION CONVENTIONAL

ENFORCED DISAPPEARANCE

Enforced disappearance results when people are arrested, kidnapped or detained against their will by officials or members of any government or organization.

ENFORCED DETENTION LEADS TO VIOLATION OF INTERNATIONAL HUMAN RIGHTS DECLARATION SUCH AS:

  • Right to security and dignity of an individual
  • Subjection to torture or other cruel, degrading or inhuman treatment and punishment
  • Right to legal representation
  • Providing appropriate conditions during detention
  • Right to a just trial and family life

YFK CALLS FOR

Violation of basic human rights cannot remain unnoticed. Relevant authorities need to hold someone accountable to ensure rule of law. Therefore, our demands are as follows:

  • No matter whosoever it is, investigation should be conducted and culprit to be prosecuted under a fair trial.
  • Legislate to ensure implementation of the International Convention as the law to be followed in Kashmir.
  • Everyone is to follow international law under all circumstances.
  • Affectees are to be provided with compensation, restitution, rehabilitation and a guarantee that it won’t be repeated

INTERNATION CONVENTIONAL

DISCRIMINATION

Unequal treatment of people on the basis of their ethnicity, colour, nationality,
descent and race is called racial discrimination. It is the unfair treatment of
someone on various lines.

ISSUES

  • Ignorance
  • Hate
  • Considering others inferior
  • Prevalence of status quo
  • Oppression
  • Extrajudicial killing

YFK CALLS FOR

  • Shun all discriminatory practices and release all Kashmiris who are in prison because of them.
  • Protect everyone – Stop killing Kashmiris.
  • Implement UN resolutions against discrimination and formulate laws for tackling the key issue, effectively.
  • Never use or exploit Kashmiri’s discriminatory beliefs for personal and/or political gains.

DISCRIMINATION

Unequal treatment of people on the basis of their ethnicity, color, nationality, descent and race is called racial discrimination. It is the unfair treatment of someone on various lines.

ISSUES

  • Ignorance
  • Hate
  • Considering others inferior
  • Prevalence of status quo
  • Oppression
  • Extrajudicial killing

YFK CALLS FOR

  • Shun all discriminatory practices and release all Kashmiris who are in prison because of them.
  • Protect everyone – Stop killing Kashmiris.
  • Implement UN resolutions against discrimination and formulate laws for tackling the key issue, effectively.
  • Never use or exploit Kashmiri’s discriminatory beliefs for personal and/or political gains.

FREEDOM OF SPEECH

Free speech is the right to seek, receive and impart
information and ideas of all kinds, by any means.

ISSUES

  • We have seen from time to time that anyone who ever stood up for the Kashmiris was silenced or had to face serious backlash by India. Despite all the international conventions on Human Rights, situation in Kashmir remains unchanged. India often bans access to newspapers, internet or cellular connection or harsh censorship barring Kashmiris from their right to information.
  • A free press reporting on the issues that shape our lives is a key building block of any society. Yet in Indian Occupied Kashmir, journalists face repression and attacks. During conflict, it can get worse, such as in Kashmir where journalists reporting on human rights abuses have been arrested, tortured and killed. Moreover, whenever, the situation worsens in Kashmir, the internet users of the area are blocked from all using social media services such as Twitter, Facebook, WhatsApp, YouTube, etc. Not only this, journalists, activists and academicians face severe censorship whenever Kashmir sensitive articles, news pieces or posts are released. Even Facebook was criticized in 2016, when it censored dozens of posts and user accounts after the death of Burhan Wani.

YFK CALLS FOR

  • Prisoners of conscience should be released from captivity immediately in Indian occupied Kashmir without imposition of any condition.
  • All actions carried out against those executing their fundamental rights – freedom of expression and protest, should be stopped.
  • Valid disagreements should not be repressed using force.
  • Access to information should be granted to all Kashmiris.
  • Publication ban on newspapers should be immediately lifted.

FREEDOM OF SPEECH

Free speech is the right to seek, receive and impart information and ideas of all kinds, by any means.

ISSUES

  • We have seen from time to time that anyone who ever stood up for the Kashmiris was silenced or had to face serious backlash by India. Despite all the international conventions on Human Rights, situation in Kashmir remains unchanged. India often bans access to newspapers, internet or cellular connection or harsh censorship barring Kashmiris from their right to information.
  • A free press reporting on the issues that shape our lives is a key building block of any society. Yet in Indian Occupied Kashmir, journalists face repression and attacks. During conflict, it can get worse, such as in Kashmir where journalists reporting on human rights abuses have been arrested, tortured and killed. Moreover, whenever, the situation worsens in Kashmir, the internet users of the area are blocked from all using social media services such as Twitter, Facebook, WhatsApp, YouTube, etc. Not only this, journalists, activists and academicians face severe censorship whenever Kashmir sensitive articles, news pieces or posts are released. Even Facebook was criticized in 2016, when it censored dozens of posts and user accounts after the death of Burhan Wani.

YFK CALLS FOR

  • Prisoners of conscience should be released from captivity immediately in Indian occupied Kashmir without imposition of any condition.
  • All actions carried out against those executing their fundamental rights – freedom of expression and protest, should be stopped.
  • Valid disagreements should not be repressed using force.
  • Access to information should be granted to all Kashmiris.
  • Publication ban on newspapers should be immediately lifted.

TORTURE

“It means acts which may cause severe pain or suffering, either physical or mental, is intentionally inflicted on a person for such purposes as obtaining from him or a third person information or a confession, punishing him for an act he or a third person has committed or is suspected of having committed, or intimidating or coercing him or a third person, or for any reason based on discrimination of any kind, when such pain or suffering is inflicted by or at the instigation of or with the consent or acquiescence of a public official or other person acting in an official capacity.”

Intentionally inflicting pain and using influence on innocent people is termed as Torture. This act is deemed as inhumane and barbaric. People in authority may exercise their power to extract confessions or information. This can lead to physical infliction – sexual abuse, beating and or any other inhumane method by which an individual ay feel threatened. Torture can be psychological as well.

According to UN Conventions, torture is illegal. Despite their commitments, some governments continue to openly torture while others let their people down by secretly conducting it.

ISSUES

Torture normally takes place in seclusion. India resorts to covering or negating torture rather than initiating just and fair investigations whenever any pro-Kashmir forum forwards a complaint.

There are various reasons why torturers do not fear prosecution, getting arrested or punishment. These include:

  • Absence of political will- exceptionally when the government is involved in the torture.
  • Rights of Kashmiris have never been India’s priority.

YFK CALLS FOR

  • Clear understanding of the term torture
  • Inculcation of awareness about the term into the people. People need to realize that there are no grey areas. Even depriving anyone of sleep in defined as torture.
  • India to realize that cruelty and humiliation should not be tolerated – whether or not they qualify as torture.
  • Governments as well as international community to set up systems to record key stages of arrest and imprisonment, so that if people in authority behave illegally or abusively at any time, they can be prosecuted.
  • Proper and fair process for investigating torture and prosecuting those responsible.
  • Political will and commitment to enforcing rule of law.
  • Justice and provision of support for victims of torture.

TORTURE

“It means acts which may cause severe pain or suffering, either physical or mental, is intentionally inflicted on a person for such purposes as obtaining from him or a third person information or a confession, punishing him for an act he or a third person has committed or is suspected of having committed, or intimidating or coercing him or a third person, or for any reason based on discrimination of any kind, when such pain or suffering is inflicted by or at the instigation of or with the consent or acquiescence of a public official or other person acting in an official capacity.”

Intentionally inflicting pain and using influence on innocent people is termed as Torture. This act is deemed as inhumane and barbaric. People in authority may exercise their power to extract confessions or information. This can lead to physical infliction – sexual abuse, beating and or any other inhumane method by which an individual ay feel threatened. Torture can be psychological as well.

According to UN Conventions, torture is illegal. Despite their commitments, some governments continue to openly torture while others let their people down by secretly conducting it.

ISSUES

Torture normally takes place in seclusion. India resorts to covering or negating torture rather than initiating just and fair investigations whenever any pro-Kashmir forum forwards a complaint.

There are various reasons why torturers do not fear prosecution, getting arrested or punishment. These include:

  • Absence of political will- exceptionally when the government is involved in the torture.
  • Rights of Kashmiris have never been India’s priority.

YFK CALLS FOR

  • Clear understanding of the term torture
  • Inculcation of awareness about the term into the people. People need to realize that there are no grey areas. Even depriving anyone of sleep in defined as torture.
  • India to realize that cruelty and humiliation should not be tolerated – whether or not they qualify as torture.
  • Governments as well as international community to set up systems to record key stages of arrest and imprisonment, so that if people in authority behave illegally or abusively at any time, they can be prosecuted.
  • Proper and fair process for investigating torture and prosecuting those responsible.
  • Political will and commitment to enforcing rule of law.
  • Justice and provision of support for victims of torture.

EXTRAJUDICIAL KILLING

Extrajudicial killing is defined as intentional killing of any individual by the government without any judicial proceeding or following a legal process.

On 6 January 1993, Indian paramilitary Border Security Force (BSF) went on killing of at least 53 people in Sopore, also known as Suyyapur, in Jammu and Kashmir. There are many such incidents which depicts Indian forces extrajudicial killing of innocent people of Kashmir such as that of Burhan Wani.

EXTRAJUDICIAL KILLING

YFK CALLS FOR

  • Protection of all the Kashmiris from extrajudicial killing
  • International community’s attention to the pattern of violation of human rights in Indian occupied Kashmir
  • Ensuring free and just trial to inhabitants of Indian occupied Kashmir
  • An immediate intervention of UN in the region so that no such incidents take place in future.

EXTRAJUDICIAL KILLING

Extrajudicial killing is defined as intentional killing of any individual by the government without any judicial proceeding or following a legal process.

On 6 January 1993, Indian paramilitary Border Security Force (BSF) went on killing of at least 53 people in Sopore, also known as Suyyapur, in Jammu and Kashmir. There are many such incidents which depicts Indian forces extrajudicial killing of innocent people of Kashmir such as that of Burhan Wani.

EXTRAJUDICIAL KILLING

YFK CALLS FOR

  • Protection of all the Kashmiris from extrajudicial killing
  • International community’s attention to the pattern of violation of human rights in Indian occupied Kashmir
  • Ensuring free and just trial to inhabitants of Indian occupied Kashmir
  • An immediate intervention of UN in the region so that no such incidents take place in future.

MASS GRAVES

Mass graves refer to location where multiple persons are buried. Although no legal definition of the term exists but according to the UN, it refers to a place where 3 or more victims of “arbitrary or extra-judicial executions” are buried. Since the independence of Pakistan, during the freedom struggle, thousands of Kashmiris have been buried in unmarked graves.

MASS GRAVES

YFK CALLS FOR

  • Fact finding commission to hold independent investigation into the issue of mass graves in Kashmir and, as an immediate first step, to secure the grave sites in order to preserve the evidence.
  • Implementation of basic human rights in rights as every Kashmiri family has a right to know about truth about their loved ones.
  • Granting the right to deceased and to his/her family for a proper burial according to their own religion, tradition and culture.

MASS GRAVES

Mass graves refer to location where multiple persons are buried. Although no legal definition of the term exists but according to the UN, it refers to a place where 3 or more victims of “arbitrary or extra-judicial executions” are buried. Since the independence of Pakistan, during the freedom struggle, thousands of Kashmiris have been buried in unmarked graves.

MASS GRAVES

YFK CALLS FOR

  • Fact finding commission to hold independent investigation into the issue of mass graves in Kashmir and, as an immediate first step, to secure the grave sites in order to preserve the evidence.
  • Implementation of basic human rights in rights as every Kashmiri family has a right to know about truth about their loved ones.
  • Granting the right to deceased and to his/her family for a proper burial according to their own religion, tradition and culture.

PELLETS

Lead loaded pellets have been used indiscriminately against Kashmiris as they raise their voices for freedom. Indian police claim of pellet guns as a “non-lethal weapon” has left many injured, blind and dead. Pellets penetrate delicate tissues of the skin and eye which are most vulnerable to damage. These were introduced in 2010 by Indian police during a protest which left 100 dead.

One cartridge of pellet gun may contain hundreds of pellets. When fired, the cartridge bursts and immediately throws these ball bearing resembling structures at a single point.

PELLETS

YFK URGES

  • Immediate halt to the usage of pellet guns in the valley.
  • International community to strongly condemn the use pellet guns as it is not in line with international standards on the use of force.
  • Objectives of the Indian police should be achieved in a less harmful way with other devices which can be more accurately aimed, and where the risk of harm can be better controlled.
  • Special care and help to be provided to those who have already been blinded by pellets.

PELLETS

Lead loaded pellets have been used indiscriminately against Kashmiris as they raise their voices for freedom. Indian police claim of pellet guns as a “non-lethal weapon” has left many injured, blind and dead. Pellets penetrate delicate tissues of the skin and eye which are most vulnerable to damage. These were introduced in 2010 by Indian police during a protest which left 100 dead.

One cartridge of pellet gun may contain hundreds of pellets. When fired, the cartridge bursts and immediately throws these ball bearing resembling structures at a single point.

PELLETS

YFK URGES

  • Immediate halt to the usage of pellet guns in the valley.
  • International community to strongly condemn the use pellet guns as it is not in line with international standards on the use of force.
  • Objectives of the Indian police should be achieved in a less harmful way with other devices which can be more accurately aimed, and where the risk of harm can be better controlled.
  • Special care and help to be provided to those who have already been blinded by pellets.

SEXUAL ASSAULT

Every year, hundreds of women and girls are abused sexually in Kashmir. In 1991, Indian army soldiers allegedly rapped 23 to 100 women in Kunan and Poshpora villages of Kashmir during search operation. Twenty-six years have passed and yet no action or even inquiry conducted to probe the incident. Violence against women takes other forms too such as molestation and harassment. Women must be given the right to make decision about their own body.

SEXUAL ASSAULT

YFK CALLS FOR

  • Immediate FIRs of the victims to be registered.
  • Justice to be provided to the women and girls complaining about assault.
  • Condemnation in strong words against all such inhumane and beast-like acts.

SEXUAL ASSAULT

Every year, hundreds of women and girls are abused sexually in Kashmir. In 1991, Indian army soldiers allegedly rapped 23 to 100 women in Kunan and Poshpora villages of Kashmir during search operation. Twenty-six years have passed and yet no action or even inquiry conducted to probe the incident. Violence against women takes other forms too such as molestation and harassment. Women must be given the right to make decision about their own body.

SEXUAL ASSAULT

YFK CALLS FOR

  • Immediate FIRs of the victims to be registered.
  • Justice to be provided to the women and girls complaining about assault.
  • Condemnation in strong words against all such inhumane and beast-like acts.

HALF WIDOWS

The term half-widow is usually affiliated with those Kashmiri women whose husbands have disappeared and still couldn’t be found. Therefore, the wives do not know whether their husbands are still alive or dead.

The term became common around two and a half decades ago, when men started to disappear, usually captured by the forces, leaving behind their wives. Half-widows face financial difficulties because they cannot access their husband’s property or bank accounts since death certificates are required for this. But these are not available since their husbands are not officially recognized as deceased. Under Muslim personal law, a person cannot be declared dead until seven years after their disappearance.

HALF WIDOWS

YFK CALLS FOR

  • International agencies to take notice of the plight of such women and force relevant authorities to release data and whereabouts of missing person.
  • Relevant authorities to provide financial aid and employment opportunities to those half widows so that they can raise their families.
  • No matter whosoever it is, investigation should be conducted and culprit to be prosecuted under a fair trial.

HALF WIDOWS

The term half-widow is usually affiliated with those Kashmiri women whose husbands have disappeared and still couldn’t be found. Therefore, the wives do not know whether their husbands are still alive or dead.

The term became common around two and a half decades ago, when men started to disappear, usually captured by the forces, leaving behind their wives. Half-widows face financial difficulties because they cannot access their husband’s property or bank accounts since death certificates are required for this. But these are not available since their husbands are not officially recognized as deceased. Under Muslim personal law, a person cannot be declared dead until seven years after their disappearance.

HALF WIDOWS

YFK CALLS FOR

  • International agencies to take notice of the plight of such women and force relevant authorities to release data and whereabouts of missing person.
  • Relevant authorities to provide financial aid and employment opportunities to those half widows so that they can raise their families.
  • No matter whosoever it is, investigation should be conducted and culprit to be prosecuted under a fair trial.

CHILDREN ORPHANAGE

Amid violence in the Indian Occupied Kashmir, children have suffered being the most vulnerable section of the community. The number of orphans in Kashmir mushroomed dramatically with the beginning of an armed conflict against Indian rule in 1989.

According to the a UK-based organization, Save the Children study states that more than 200,000 orphans in the Himalayan region, out of which 37 percent are said to have been orphaned amid conflict.

In most of the cases, children lost their fathers either in extra-judicial killing or disappeared. Mothers left behind have no money to raise their children, send them to orphanages. Orphanages in the area are, therefore, critical to ensure equal access to basic opportunities to everyone.

CHILDREN ORPHANAGE

Amid violence in the Indian Occupied Kashmir, children have suffered being the most vulnerable section of the community. The number of orphans in Kashmir mushroomed dramatically with the beginning of an armed conflict against Indian rule in 1989.

According to the a UK-based organization, Save the Children study states that more than 200,000 orphans in the Himalayan region, out of which 37 percent are said to have been orphaned amid conflict.

In most of the cases, children lost their fathers either in extra-judicial killing or disappeared. Mothers left behind have no money to raise their children, send them to orphanages. Orphanages in the area are, therefore, critical to ensure equal access to basic opportunities to everyone.